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Is medical marijuana legal?

What is Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana, also called cannabis, is a by-product of a plant, cannabis Sativa, used to treat or ease extreme pain stemming from a terminal medical condition. Marijuana is a particular kind of cannabis, and CBD is a unique composite inside the cannabis plant. CCell vape carts are one way to consume medical marijuana.

What are the Side Effects?
• Negative drug to a drug reaction
• Increased heart rate and increases risks of heart attack or stroke
• Increased appetite
• Slower reaction times
• Dizziness
• Potential for addiction/withdrawal symptoms

What’s in Cannabis?

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), cannabis has over 80 active chemical compounds. The two most active ingredients are Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). The chemical compound (THC) brings about the high that users may experience. The (CBD) contains the health benefits that also come with a list of side effects.

The Mayo Clinic reports that the use of cannabis in the raw is prohibited under US Federal Law. Cannabis sativa or its derivatives containing more than 0.3% is prohibited under federal law. The federal laws supersede state laws. FDA approved medical marijuana are:
• Dronabinol (Marinol Syndros)
• Nabilone (Cesamet)
• Cannabidiol (Epidiolex)

Dronabinol is an appetite stimulant, antiemetic, and sleep apnea reliever.

Nabilone is used to treat mild to severe vomiting.

Cannabidiol is one of the 80 active ingredients found in the cannabis Sativa plant. Cannabidiol is a prescription medication that treats seizures/epilepsy. There is no clear evidence that cannabidiol used alone can help symptoms of:

• Sclerosis
• Crohn’s disease
• Diabetes
• Essential Tremor
• Muscle damage
• caused by over-exercising.

Is Medical Marijuana Legal?
According to a medical update on the State Conference of State Legislatures, there are 36 states and territories that allow for the medical use of medical cannabis. Adult medical use programs exist in the following states:
• Alaska
• Oregon
• Montana
• Nevada
• California
• Arizona
• Colorado
• Illinois
• Michigan
• New York
• Virginia
• Maine
• Vermont
• New Mexico

Comprehensive medical cannabis programs introduce interested parties to therapeutics, cognitive effects, drug metabolism, and physiological effects of medical marijuana. The states offer these certified programs.

• Utah
• North Dakota
• South Dakota
• Minnesota
• Missouri
• Oklahoma
• Arkansas
• Alabama
• Florida
• Pennsylvania
• West Virginia
• New Hampshire

What is Alabama doing to legalize medical marijuana?

In a recent article, a bill to legalize marijuana in Alabama was introduced to Governor Kay Ivey. The Alabama Legislature desires the governor to agree to and sign:

• Initiating and overseeing a registry system for patients
• Implement directives for dispensing certifications for physicians.
• Distribute medical marijuana cards to experienced caretakers and patients.
• Authorize public facilities that register, ship, inspect and disburse medical marijuana.
• Set the cost of an annual license fee between $10 and $50 thousand.
• Grant licenses to no more than five facilities, 12 unattached cultivators, 4 independent manufacturers and dispensaries, labs for testing throughout the US, and secure transporters.
If signed, the medical marijuana card could cost no more than $65.

Only those who exhibit an and test or the following medical conditions can obtain the medical marijuana card:

• Chronic pain
• Parkinson’s disease
• Crohn’s disease
• HIV/Aids
• A terminal illness
• Sickle Cell Anemia
• Cancer-related cachexia
• Tourette’s Syndrome
• Parkinson’s Disease
• Epilepsy or a condition causing seizures.
• Spasticity associated with a motor disease, such as ASL (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis)

Kansas Houses Passes Medical Marijuana SB 158

Kansas must administer medical marijuana in the form of oils, tinctures, plant material, edibles, and patches. Under SB 158, vaporizing, combusting, and smoking medical marijuana are prohibited. The bill mandates that the plant cannot contain more than 35% THC in its final distribution form.

Kentucky has not advanced in the 2021 congressional conference. The state is still requesting additional investigations regarding the safety and effectiveness of medical marijuana. Under various bills, Kentucky contemplated:

• Legalizing medical marijuana and modifying the Alcoholic Beverage Control bill to cover cannabis control with a medical cannabis division.
• Legalizing taxation and regulating medical marijuana

In May 2021, the Louisiana House of Representatives passed HB 391. The statecapitollobbyist.com website stated that the bill awaits consideration from the state senate. Louisiana’s HB 391 currently prohibits physicians from recommending the inhalation of raw or crude medical marijuana.

Under HB 391, dispensing medical marijuana to anyone under the age of 21 is also prohibited. A person under 21 must acquire a written consultation from a physician recommending medical marijuana in its raw or crude form.
Texas Expands Legalization of Medical Marijuana

Texas House of Representatives passed HB 1535 in April 2021. According to a report on the statecapitollobbyist.com website, this bill is awaiting consideration by the Texas senate. The specifics of the HB 1535 amendments are as follows:

• The maximum weight of allowable THC increased from one-half of one percent to five percent.
• A physician prescribes low-THC cannabis for treating patients with qualifying medical illnesses.
• Expand the medical conditions for a prescribed low-THC to include acute Chromic pain.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the following illnesses qualify for treatment using medical cannabis:
• Cancer
• Multiple Sclerosis and muscle spasms
• Epilepsy and Seizures
• Alzheimer’s
• HIV/AIDS
• Sever chronic pain.
• Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
• Crohn’s disease
• Severe nausea
• Glaucoma

Note: Qualification to receive medical marijuana differ from state to state.

The state of North Carolina announced the Compassionate Care Act (SB 711). SB 711 would legalize medical marijuana to those afflicted with the following diseases.

• Cancer
• Epilepsy
• Glaucoma
• HIV positive
• Crohn’s disease
• Multiple Sclerosis

LINKS TO RESOURCES:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/in-depth/medical-marijuana/art-20137855

https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/what-you-need-know-and-what-were-working-find-out-about-products-containing-cannabis-or-cannabis

https://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspx

Everything You Need to Know About Cannabis Sativa

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Dronabinol

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-144706/nabilone-oral/details

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1439/cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.cnn.com/2020/06/24/business/cannabis-legalize-2021-recession/index.html

Medical Marijuana Legislation: Updates From 2021 Legislative Sessions

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